contamination by the GE apple is certain – expert

Here is what Kent Mullinix, PhD., P.Ag., Director, Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, has to say about the certainty of contamination by the GE apple currently being developed in Summerland by Okanagan Specialty Fruits. Kent is an expert on apples.

All new apple cultivars must come from seed as either a “chance seedling” or from a calculated breeding program (utilizing traditional plant breeding technique). Many cultivars are discovered along fence rows, back behind the barn, underneath telephone lines etc. All places where apple seeds are randomly deposited (with their viable open pollinated seed) by people, bears, coyotes, birds etc- critters that eat apple.  Many apples are left on the orchard floor at harvest. and animals eat them. Of course these seeds can be moved great distances. I see seedling apple trees all over. Not uncommon at all. Any seedling apple tree that arises from  an Arctic Apple cross and has the transgene will have it in every cell of the plant.

If any Arctic Apple seed germinates the resulting tree, though not Arctic Apple, will conceivably contain the transgene. Likewise, in that all apple is open pollinated Artic Apple pollen (readily and easily gathered and transported by bees) can pollinate any other apple cultivar and resultant seeds (seedlings)  are likely to contain the transgene as well. Containment of the transgene is  essentially impossible.

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